Encompasses both Moyamoya Disease and Moyamoya Syndrome
The word “Moyamoya”: Japanese word meaning “puff of smoke” describing the network
of new vessel formation as a compensation to the decreased blood flow in both the brain
hemispheres due to obstruction of the two main brain vessels the internal carotid arteries.
Commonly used terms:
Moyamoya Disease, Moyamoya Syndrome, Cerebral revascularisation
- Moyamoya disease: presence of obstruction (stenosis/occlusion) of the two main brain arteries the internal carotid arteries ICA within the skull vault (intracranially) on the angiography. Additional presence of new vessel formation/Moyamoya network of vessels.
- Moyamoya Syndrome: presence of other systemic diseases along with the intracranial Moyamoya findings.
- Cerebral/Brain revascularisation: to revascularise or to supply additional blood flow to brain areas with low flow due to obstruction of brain vessels/arteries